A female doctor holding two white cards with Hormone balance words. Hormone balance concept

The Surprising Effects of Testosterone on Women’s Health

Often mischaracterized as only a hormone necessary for males to maintain good physical form & sexual performance-Testosterone actually serves many essential functions for women's bodies with critical implications for their health. Androgen hormone is naturally synthesized by the ovaries as well as adrenal glands with direct effects on feminine physiology in areas such as maintaining robust sexual function & healthy bones, muscle mass maintenance while also regulating desirable fat distribution.

Nonetheless, hormonal productions remain highly subjective regarding natural changes, including menstrual cycles or age group shifts- leading to the production of dangerously high or low levels of testosterone and causing symptoms which affect wellbeing. In this article, we'll be exploring the numerous impacts that Testosterone has on women's health by analyzing what constitutes "normal" ranges, deciphering what can cause imbalances and what associated symptoms arise, and lastly explaining how treatments are carried out for these imbalance situations.

What Are Normal Testosterone Levels in Women?

Naturally-produced hormones such as testosterone exist in both males and females though frequently occur at much lower levels found among females throughout their lifetime. Acceptable `ranges`for blood concentration of this certain hormone type falling between fifteen - seventy nanograms per deciliter in women.

However, this measurement is known to deviate according to a female's age with most often seeing an increase happening around the ages of eighteen or nineteen followed by consistent decline as she ages. If values register lower than fifteen nanograms per deciliter, it can bring about adverse effects on energy levels, libido disinterest, depressive mood states along with noticeable acne development whereas exceeding values beyond seventy nanograms per deciliter can trigger physical issues including menstruation dysfunction, difficulty in becoming pregnant and unwanted hair growth patterns appearing on different parts of one’s anatomy. It is notable that these ranges are not approached by all as absolute benchmarks and instead vary depending on individual laboratory testing procedures. Furthermore، unique health traits or lifestyle considerations may suggest additional alterations in optimal levels of testosterone\ for some women anxious regarding said process. Consultation with a trusted medical professional once encountering hormonal related symptoms or concerns can be of significant advantage going forward.

What Are the Symptoms of High Testosterone in Women?

When women exhibit abnormally high levels of testosterone in their bodies, the condition hyperandrogenism may develop. This problem creates potentially significant issues regarding fertility, general wellbeing and physical appearance for afflicted individuals. Signs that may imply hyperandrogenism include:

  • Hirsutism where women observe excess hair growth notably more than allocated for men such as chest/back/abdomen/facial regions
  • Acne breakouts directly triggered by the skin's greater oil production
  • Alopecia that exhibits itself as hair loss/thinning on scalp areas further vulnerable owing specifically again/to higher sensitivity toward elevated-androgens like testosterone
  • Difficulties relating to menstruation experienced intermittently through missed periods or irregular cycles resulting from disruption caused when induced hormone imbalances reach sustained levels capable of destabilizing hormonal homeostasis responsible for regular ovulation cycles can be disrupted
  • Infertility caused by impaired conditions for conception or carrying pregnancies owing to processes involving complex hormonal balancing act being disturbed by a rising presence of androgens like testosterone within the system
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome denotes higher numbers of ovary-concentrated cysts alongside hormonal imbalances namely heightened levels of testosterone, resistance to insulin in response to metabolic problems relating metabolic maladjustment including sluggishness or difficulty losing weight while carrying excess fat deposits
  • Enlarged clitoris due to increased blood flow/sensitivity brought about by heightened hormone levels acting on this region, deepened voice occurring more commonly through voice changes that deepen with thicker vocal cords due again/to heightened hormone exposure
  • Increased muscle development fostered via protein synthesis stimulation (from encountering high concentrations of hormone, while normally differentially affecting male individuals) but also likely leading to decreased breast size as the differentiating adipose tissue diminishes in favor of muscular growth.

What Are the Symptoms of Low Testosterone in Women?

Problem skin during menstruation, acne, pimples and hyperandrogenism

Hyperandrogenism is a condition that arises when females experience abnormally low levels of male hormones. The consequences that this can have on sexual function, bone health, mood and energy levels are not insignificant. In females with low testosterone levels, some common symptoms may include:

  • a reduction in sexual desire caused by absent stimulation from tender sex hormone receptors (known as low libido)
  • the drying up and narrowing within the walls that make up the vagina owing to lessened blood flow from inadequate productions facilitated through insufficient availability on account poor hormone signaling feedback mechanisms for maintaining normal female physiology
  • pain endured during coitus resulting from inflammation or thinning out within vaginal tissues catalyzed through disturbed hormonal mechanisms initiated because inadequate presence resulting from diminishing amounts circulating within reproductive cycle continuum
  • diminished development of bone cells impacting bone density and reinforcement attributable to voids within testosterone supply networks (also known as osteoporosis);, bones which can be more prone to fracturing because its strength has been weakened through long-term hormone deficiency
  • reduced serotonin and dopamine resulting from a deficiency in testosterone that can lead to low mood or feelings of sadness (also referred to as depression); increased production of cortisol backed by low levels of testosterone possibly causing nervousness and anxiety
  • metabolic slowdown leading to decreased energy levels or motivation due to persistent limitation in the body's capacity to reduce molecules brought upon by lack of testosterone(referred to as fatigue), and challenges faced with weight maintenance due to worsening insulin sensitivity causes difficulty in shedding off body fat coupled with less muscle mass originating from decreased availability of normal female hormones.

What Are the Causes of Testosterone Imbalances in Women?

The many possible causes of testosterone imbalance in women require careful consideration . These include genetic factors - some may have more or less sensitivity to the hormone or produce varying amounts due to inherited genes. Aging is also identified as a cause since testosterone output decreases naturally over time; post-menopause with its cessation of estrogen & testosterone outputs by ovaries further exacerbates this process . Medications for varied conditions ranging from oral contraceptives to steroids , anti-androgens and antidepressants can take a toll on hormone metabolism. Lifestyle factors too come into proper here ; facets such diet level exercised , regularity or lack thereof around physical activity, smoking increased alcohol use increase stressors on women's bodies sometimes leading to abnormal biochemistry including menstrual cycles & hormone fluctuation Included among other health problems that could lead to an imbalance in female hormones are medical conditions ranging from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) through adrenal gland problems , thyroid troubles plus those related to the pituitary and liver functions.

How to Treat Testosterone Imbalances in Women?

The treatment for testosterone imbalances in women is dependent on various factors including the severity and cause of the condition and the woman's goals and preferences. There are numerous possible treatments such as hormone therapy, medication, surgery, and lifestyle adjustments. 

Hormone therapy involves administering synthetic or bioidentical hormones to restore hormonal balance in the body. It can be taken orally, topically, vaginally or via injection/implantation route. It may have some unwanted side effects like blood clots, stroke, breast cancer, or endometrial cancer. Therefore, it should be taken with extreme caution under the careful monitoring of a doctor. 

Medication entails using drugs that block or decrease the effects of testosterone or other hormones in the body. These may include anti androgens like finasteride and flutamide which can help lower testosterone levels. Metformin is another example which can reduce insulin production resulting in less testosterone production while Clomiphene citrate helps stimulate ovulation hence decreasing testosterone levels. Likewise medications require special attention from doctors because they could have side effects and potential interactions. 

Surgery might become necessary if other treatments fail to yield any significant improvements toward dealing with excess testosterone in your body. The decision for this should only transpire after weighing all benefits as well as risks since there can be some complications such as bleeding infection, scarring, or infertility. For instance, removal of ovarian cysts/tumors via laparoscopy/laparotomy or ovarian drilling through laser/electrocautery could treat small areas producing an excess amount of testosterone; while hysterectomy involves removing the uterus and sometimes ovaries. 

Lifestyle changes imply altering certain practices that affect overall health by impacting your diet exercise stress management amongst others potentially increasing/decreasing testosterone levels accordingly. Optimal wellness stems from a combination of various fundamental practices that focus on promoting different facets of our overall health. Maintaining balanced nutrition through eating protein rich foods together with healthy fats while controlling the intake of sugar or processed carbs has positive effects on physical wellbeing and preventing diseases related to malnutrition like gastrointestinal ailments amongst other things. Consistent exercise helps encourage good blood flow throughout the body aiding in keeping metabolic changes at bay while enhancing muscle strength too! Managing anxiety triggers through contemplative activities such as meditation or specialized yoga practices is useful for anyone seeking mental clarity or heightened peace in their lives while promoting greater joy and happiness. Making lifestyle changes such as limiting smoking or alcohol intake can work wonders for improving liver function related to overall well being.


Maintaining healthy testosterone levels in women is imperative since they influence various aspects of their physical wellbeing immensely. However, these hormone levels can fluctuate for different reasons such as hormonal disorders or medication use causing adverse effects and potential complications too. Thus seeking medical advice becomes essential if any anomalies are suspected with regards to one's testosterone balance. An early diagnosis followed by prescribed treatment can aid in achieving normal hormone balance leading towards bettering appearance, performance capabilities whilst enhancing health inevitably boosting one's quality of life.

James Freeman


Meet James Freeman, a California native whose passion for fitness emerged during challenging times, reshaping his life. With over two decades of coaching experience, he's not just a coach; he's a real-life example, shedding over 100 pounds in a journey to a healthier lifestyle. Beyond his coaching career, James is passionate about inspiring at-risk youth and promoting wellness in schools. In his downtime, he enjoys swimming and cycling, connecting with nature. Join him on his Instagram and LinkedIn profiles for insights into his empowering fitness journey.